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Islamic revolution tribunal summons Ebrahim Yazdi ...
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posted April 30, 2001 12:13
Islamic revolution tribunal reveals charges on IFM and Islamist-Nationalists, summons Ebrahim Yazdi
TEHRAN 29 Apr. (IPS) Dr. Ebrahim Yazdi, 69, the leader of the newly banned Iran Freedom Movement (IFM) was summoned Sunday by the Tehran's Islamic revolution tribunal, charged with "activities against national security, possessing firearms and illegal equipments, including unauthorized eavesdropping devices", ordering him to appear for questioning, the leader-controlled Tehran radio reported.
At the same time, the tribunal provided what it clamed to be documents and confessions from the recently arrested islamist-nationalists and members of the IFM confirming accusations of plotting to topple the Islamic Republic, intelligence with foreign governments and undermining people s belief in religion.
On orders of ayatollah Ali Khamenehe'i, the contested leader of the Islamic Republic, the Judiciary rounded up more than 60 personalities, most of them journalists, intellectuals, scholars, and researchers belonging to the IFM or affiliated with the nationalist-religious current, accused of activities against the regime and working on overthrowing it by military means.
Speaking with the Persian services of both the BBC and RFI (Radio France Internationale), Mr. Yazdi flatly rejected the charges, observing that his residence in Tehran had been searched without his knowledge, in his absence and without the presence of anyone on his behalf.
He also said that his entire meetings with foreign diplomats and dignitaries took place with the authorisation from the Foreign Ministry.
The Radio quoted a court statement as saying that if Mr. Yazdi did not respond to the summons, it would "act through international channels to seek his extradition''.
Not only there is no extradition treaty between Tehran and Washington, but also Mr. Yazdi, currently in the United States for cancer tumour, has a dual Iran and American citizenship.
Mrs. Esmat Yazdi, the dissident's sister described the Tribunal s order as being a "politically motivated statements in the name of justice''.
She told Associated Press that intelligence agents had searched her brother's house and then ''(claimed) to have found firearms in the house of a political leader whose party has always rejected violence and seeks only peaceful democratic reforms''.
Mrs. Yazdi's husband, Mohammad Tavassoli, is one of the IFM leaders arrested earlier this month on charges of seeking to overthrow the Islamic establishment.
A former Foreign Minister, Mr. Yazdi took charge of the FMI, which was founded in 1961, following the death of its founder, Mr. Mehdi Bazargan, Islamic Republic s first provisory Premier.
Confirming earlier statements explaining the crackdown on the IFM and islamist-nationalists, the Islamic revolution Tribunal repeated that they were planning to overthrow the Islamic Republic by infiltrating highest-level of decision makers as well as the students and the youth, weakening their believe in religion and Islamic principles".
Experts, jurists and lawyers as well as a wide spectrum of reformists, including some 150 MMs (Member of the Majles) and Grand Ayatollah Hosseinali Montazeri the Muslim Shi a s foremost religious dignitary and dissident, have contested methods used by the Islamic Judiciary in making the arrests and obtaining confessions, observing the Tribunal had acted "unilaterally" by disclosing the charges before trial.
They said confessions obtained from prisoners kept for months in solitary cells, at night time, under extreme psychological and physical tortures could not be considered as legal grounds for accusation.
A prominent Tehran psychiatrist who asked to remain anonymous said chemicals including large doses of neurological drugs have "most probably" been used to extract confessions.
At least a dozen IFM and religious-nationalists are kept in "temporary" solitary confinement without access to lawyers or their families.
There has been no official word on their place of detention, but relatives and other reformers say they are being held and interrogated in a military garrison run by the Revolutionary Guards.
The dissidents' families have also repeatedly complained about ill-mannered Revolutionary Court employees, a case taken up in the letter by the majority of Iran's MMs, which called the court's treatment of the families "inhuman".
In its second statement on the arrest of IFM and nationalist-religious members, the Islamic revolutionary Tribunal of Tehran said "since a large volume of poisonous propagation has been launched by the enemies of the system, and certain political groups have posed questions on the move" it had decided to reveal some of the documents and texts and confessions obtained from the detainees.
"On the methods applied for toppling the system", one of the accused activists has confessed that the objective pursued by those who follow the toppling strategy is to demolish the ruling system in Iran, which is one of the priorities in the agenda of foreign powers as well" (sic)
"Raising serious doubts about the reality of religion and casting heavy shade of uncertainty over efficiency of religion in tackling the country's serious problems, creating serious doubts in the people's minds about the dependence of the system and its sovereignty, by propagating that in our age, namely the age of satellites and the global village, it is not possible to remain independent for any country and all states must be resolved in the context of the global community" were part of the above-mentioned "methods.", the statement said, quoted by the Iranian official news agency IRNA. One of the accused individuals, at a gathering most of whose attendants were university students, in a lecture whose recorded tape is at hand states: "Islam basically does not believe in resistance of a perfect human being. We have no example of a perfect human being in authentic Islam. (Prophet) Muhammad (PBUH) himself has been criticised in several verses of (the Holy) Qur an. (sic) "In order to secure their illegitimate interests, some of them tried to convince that the country's political atmosphere was chaotic and that it was necessary to establish a crisis management headquarters. They also proposed that the universities should be shut down across the country. In order to prepare the public opinion for their deserved conditions, they even issued a fake communiqu頩n which they announced that the head of the Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB) and the Islamic Republic Guard Corps (IRGC) had established a headquarters for crisis management", the statement further added.
Observers said the "Crisis Management" is in fact a project hatched by the conservatives aimed at fomenting chaos and unrest justifying the proclamation of a state of emergency, the formation of a crisis cabinet led by Ayatollah Ali Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani, closure of the reformist-dominated Majles, giving vacation to President Mohammad Khatami s government and cancelling the upcoming presidential elections.
According to the statement, the accused "were proven to be promoting contradictions among the various legal forces within the Islamic system".
"In one of the arrested figures' confessions, as well as the confiscated documents form them, this strategy is referred to as a method for changing the ruling system and sowing the seeds of discord among the high ranking officials of the Islamic system as one of the effective strategies aimed at toppling the Islamic Republic", the statement said.
The Tribunal quotes unidentified detainee confessing that "It goes without saying that we are opposed to the religious system. We are opposed to a religious system one of whose main foundations is the leadership of the supreme jurisprudent." "During the search in the house of the head of the group (Dr. Ebrahim Yazdi) who is currently in United States, we found two unlicensed weapons and a specially crafted gun, shaped like a fountain pen as well as their related ammunition, and an eavesdropping electronic device that was hidden finely in the house", the Tribunal reveals, adding that there were also interesting documents revealing his systematic relations with anti-revolutionary figures outside the country, which will be revealed for the noble and prestigious nation in near future.
The accused members of the said group have meanwhile confessed to having relations with embassies of certain western countries, with whom they had entered dialog about the process of changing the sacred Islamic system. Abstracts of some of those instances follow:
Two of the accused individuals have confessed that in 1999 they had a meeting with the caretaker of an embassy that has close relations with the US government, at the presence of the head of their outlawed Liberation Movement and at his house.
At the end of the summer season of 2000, in another meeting, held at the house of the head of the same group, they had another meeting with the consulate of another European country. The council brings up the issue of the hot debates at Majles on the amendment of the press law, asking his opinion on the matter and for adopting a formal stand by the Liberation Movement. He responds, "It was quite obvious that the Leader was not going to tolerate the slightest delay in this regard and that he would intervene personally to assure speedy tackling of the matter. He also tells the consulate in question that this would cost the Leader dearly though.
In this meeting, two other members of the group, too, were present and besides their confessions, the document of the meeting has been confiscated as well
In the course of last meeting before being arrested, three members of the group, in the absent of the head of the Freedom Movement, meet the ambassador of another country, exchanging viewpoints and strategies regarding the May 8th Presidential elections.
Talking about establishment of ties with the foreigners, one of the accused parties has confessed, "since the alternative system we had in mind was acceptable in the eyes of the western countries, they arranged for various conferences, such as the Sierra, the Cypress the Berlin .....Conference so that they would make up between the enemies forces with the Islamic Republic and those forces that were after toppling the system form outside the country.
posted May 02, 2001 11:54
Foreign Ministry to Probe Into Yazdi's Claims
The Tehran Times
TEHRAN The Iranian Foreign Ministry has started investigation into the claims made by Secretary General of the now-banned Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI) Ebrahim Yazdi, said the ministry's Spokesman Hamid Reza Assefi here Monday.
In an interview with the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), Yazdi has claimed that his meeting with Tehran-based foreign diplomats had been made with the approval of the Foreign Ministry.
Yazdi, in the United States for medical care, has been ordered by Tehran's Revolutionary Court to return home to face charges of acting against national security and arms possession.
Around 40 Islamic nationalists, close to FMI, were arrested earlier this month and remain in detention. They have been formally accused of having clandestine relations with foreign diplomats.
posted May 08, 2001 09:26
Foreign Ministry responds to opposition figure Ebrahim Yazdi's remarks
BBC Monitoring Service
Text of report in English by Iranian news agency IRNA
Tehran, 7 May: The Iranian Foreign Ministry on Monday [7 May] said it has been privy to meeting with Tehran-based foreign diplomats of the dissident leader Ebrahim Yazdi, noting the ministry is not in charge of endorsing such meetings.
"The ministry is only responsible for organizing meeting between the state officials and foreign diplomats or officials," Foreign Ministry spokesman Hamid Reza Asefi told a Tehran press conference.
"The ministry had received several faxes on the meetings, but they had not mentioned any request for endorsement," he said.
Yazdi, secretary-general of the now-banned Freedom Movement of Iran [FMI], in an interview with the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), said that his meetings with Tehran-based foreign diplomats had the endorsement of the Foreign Ministry.
Yazdi, in the United States for medical care, has been ordered by Tehran's Revolutionary Court to return home to face charges of "acting against national security and arms possession".
Around 40 Islamic nationalists, close to FMI, were arrested earlier this month and remain in detention. They have been formally accused of "having clandestine relations with foreign diplomats".
All times are PT (US)
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